In 1995 there were 135 million type 2 diabetics in the world. This number doubled in 2015. Along with obesity, diabetes is on the rise. This disease results from a disturbance in the metabolism of sugars. Two abnormalities are responsible for hyperglycaemia (insulinopenia and insulin resistance).
Chronic hyperglycaemia means that the body no longer reacts as well to insulin.
The fat cells, which are full of fat, become insensitive to it.
As the sugar can no longer penetrate the cells, it accumulates in the blood, initially insidiously.
When sugar is taken in through the diet, the blood sugar level rises abnormally.
At this stage, everything is still reversible with a suitable diet.
In the long term, the pancreas will become exhausted and secrete less and less insulin.
The body must then face a decrease in insulin sensitivity This is aggravated by a low secretion of this hormone.